Firewood is known as a wooden material resource that is usually gathered to generate naked fire, thus emitting smoke that causes air pollution constituting a serious threat to health.
Firewood use in Nigeria is predominantly through traditional three-stone designed fires, which burns wood inefficiently as most of the heat is lost to the atmosphere. This is a waste of valuable resources both in terms of forest resources, as well as the high cost of buying the firewood. It is always used in lieu of fuel. Generally, firewood is can be processed into making charcoal for large or domestic cooking such as: Home, Party, restaurant et.c
However, this renewable material is now relevant for various cooking in Nigeria today by many wives amidst its hazardous effect on human health. Many Nigerians said that they had no option other than the use of firewood, designed with ‘three stones’ as a last option to cooking method; and this has been majorly hinged upon high rise in cooking materials such as: kerosene and cooking gas (which is Five Hundred Naira only for a litre and 12.5kg cylinder is filled at the rate of Five Thousand Five Hundred Naira Only respectively)
In Nigeria, traditional open fire stoves fueled by firewood come in handy for domestic cooking and heating. Those who cannot afford to use cleaner alternatives or buy sufficient firewood spend long hours each day searching for firewood, or result to collecting and using various forms of biomass: dead wood, shrubs, saw dust, wood chips, trimmings, twigs, crop residue and related plant materials. While this is possible for women in rural areas, their urban counterparts mostly rely on firewood merchants.
According to the WHO, research reveals that 95,300 deaths occur in Nigeria annually as a result of smoke from flame of firewood . This is one major killers of mostly Nigeria’s women and children, apart from malaria and HIV/AIDS